Get and use secure supported LDAP SASL authentication mechanisms

You don’t have to use insecure clear text Simple BIND authentication for accessing your LDAP servers.

Get list of supported authentication mechanisms:

ldapsearch -h example.com -x -b "" -s base -LLL supportedSASLMechanisms

Kerberos GSSAPI Example:

kinit
ldapsearch -v -Y GSSAPI -h example.com -b "DC=example,DC=com" "(sAMAccountName=someusername)"

DIGEST-MD5 Example:

ldapsearch -v -Y DIGEST-MD5 -h example.com -U someusername -R example.com -b "DC=example,DC=com"\
 "(sAMAccountName=someusername)"
Note: For Active Directory Digest Authentication to work, you may need to enable Reversible encryption on the account’s password and change the user’s password once.

Inspect Running Mac OS X Applications with F-Script

Objective C is a Dynamic Runtime, so you can load code like plugins during runtime. This dynamic runtime can be very useful for exploring what applications are doing. I use this to assess the security of applications for example.

F-Script provides an easy way to inject itself into a running app and explore around.

Download F-Script here

Launch the app you want to explore.

Then find the process id number of the app in a Terminal shell:

ps auxww | grep “App Name

Load the F-Script Framework into the app and insert its menu using:

sudo gdb --pid AppNameProcessID --batch --nx --command=/dev/stdin << EOT
p (char)[[NSBundle bundleWithPath:@"path/to/Library/Frameworks/FScript.framework"] load]
p (void)[FScriptMenuItem insertInMainMenu]
EOT

I found the above snippet by reviewing this automator service.

Note that sudo is only required if you are not in the _developer group.

At this point, switch to your running application.  You will notice an F-Script Menu is added to the menu bar.

Choose Console from the F-Script menu and type:

del := NSApplication sharedApplication delegate

This will give you a reference to the application delegate.  The application delegate is a top level class of the application, so it should provide a good starting point.

Next, choose Open Object Browser from the F-Script menu.

Now you should have a nice GUI window to explore the app.

Click on del in the Workspace to explore the app delegate.  You can call methods, change values, etc.

See the F-Script documentation for more details.

Enjoy