Fix Apache mod_jk or mod_proxy serving stale content

If your web app starts serving stale cached content when run behind mod_jk or mod_proxy with apache, it may be due to apache inserting a default expiration header.

You can confirm this by comparing the headers returned from apache and directly from your web app.  curl -i will show response headers:

curl -i http://example.com | head -20

To disable apache’s content expirations, add the following to your virtual host:

ExpiresActive Off

Here is the official Apache Documentation.

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MIME type issue with Apache mod_jk and mod_proxy serving plain text

Some apps do not properly set mime types of content they serve, but still may work properly when served standalone because client applications like browsers are able to interpret the type of the content.  But when served behind Apache, these apps will not behave correctly because Apache will provide a default type of text/plain.

The solution is to add a DefaultType None line to your apache virtual host for these web apps:

DefaultType None

Here are the docs